Sunday, 17 January 2016

Why Saudi Arabia Escalated the Middle East’s Sectarian Conflict - Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Why Saudi Arabia Escalated the Middle East’s Sectarian Conflict - Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

The Jan. 2 execution of Saudi Shiite cleric and political activist Nimr al-Nimr has escalated sectarian hostilities in the Middle East to dangerous new levels. Following the sacking of a Saudi embassy in Iran, Saudi Arabia has severed ties with Iran and expelled its diplomats. Tensions are running high, with apocalyptic rhetoric on all sides.
Marc Lynch is a nonresident senior associate in Carnegie’s Middle East Program where his work focuses on the politics of the Arab world.

However, for all the fireworks, this escalation will probably not change much. Saudi Arabia and Iran have been engaged in a proxy war at various temperatures over regional order for many years. The Syrian peace process may be derailed, and even more weapons pour into its horrifyingly destructive stalemate, but few really believed in its prospects anyway. The war in Yemen will likely continue on the same current destructive course as before, where even the coming and going of a cease-fire affected fighting on the ground little. The campaign against the Islamic State may become a bit more complicated, but the Gulf states long ago shifted most of their military attention toward Yemen. The United States has not become any more likely to walk away from its painstakingly negotiated nuclear agreement with Iran...

Read more at: http://carnegieendowment.org/2016/01/04/why-saudi-arabia-escalated-middle-east-s-sectarian-conflict/ioiv?mkt_tok=3RkMMJWWfF9wsRouvKnOZKXonjHpfsX66uskUK%2Bg38431UFwdcjKPmjr1YsFRcZ0aPyQAgobGp5I5FEIQ7XYTLB2t60MWA%3D%3D
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